I have seen some Border Collies that spend a lot of time cuddling with their humans where as others only enjoy the occasional hello and show of affection. This depends upon your dog and your own personality. There are no absolutes in dog breed profiles; they are just an average based upon how the standard reads and what breeders try to attain for their BC puppies. However, it is common for BCs to pine to be near the family instead of apart.
Part of good training is learning your dog’s personality, likes, dislikes, and reactions to your actions. Dogs are amazingly tuned to every facial tick and physical action us humans do, so remember in your dog’s presence to be aware of what you are doing. This is often forgotten by individuals who are in the process of shaping their dogs behavior.
Training is always happening when your dog is around, and the first year is when the base is set for your dog. The first few months are crucial for you to be active and present in your dog’s life, assisting them in knowing what it acceptable and regularly training your dog the basic obedience commands. Puppies learn very quickly when you begin early. This is because they are curious and unencumbered with any previous memories that are either good or bad.
This is why I stress making training enjoyable and fun, they don’t know or think of it as work or negative unless you make it negative. This is why refraining from harsh vocal tones and physical actions works well and keeps fear or anxiety from creeping into what is supposed to be a fun time for bonding with your new best furry friend. Believe me, there will be plenty of laughs and head shaking moments.
To maintain your place in the family hierarchy, your new little furry friend must know that it is unacceptable to be aggressive towards other humans and animals, thus proper socialization early on will assist in thwarting this type of aggressive behavior. Expose them to your household’s inhabitants, environment, routine and rules of conduct.
Training a dog does not mean that your dog is supposed to only obey one master, or alpha, they must learn to obey all commands given to them by the entire family and friend circle. In essence, when you are training, and learning to be a trainer, you also need to teach other family members and friends the correct way to issue these commands.
An effective incentive is to make everything you do seem fun. Always refrain from forcing your puppy to do anything they do not want to do. Highly prized treats are usually a great incentive to do something, and you will find that a fun, pleasant, friendly, happy, vocal tone combined with the treats will be ample reward for good behaviors and command compliance.
To begin training, establish your alpha position from the moment you bring your new dog or puppy home. Leading as the alpha means that you are always consistent, calm, cool, and collected while enforcing rules and making corrections using a firm but fair attitude. The alpha always acts as though he or she knows that they are in charge.
The best time to begin training your puppy the basics is at around six weeks to eight weeks of age. Once your puppy realizes that you control schedules, toys, mealtimes and all the things he or she cherishes, he or she will respect you as the alpha in the family hierarchy. A positive step has been made when your puppy begins to follow you around the house. This means that he or she is bonding to you.
Remember that all family members are above your dog in ranking, and it should remain that way. Leading as the alpha assists you both in working together towards the goal of understanding the rules of conduct and obedience. Your dog will be at ease when the rules are understood.
Place your puppy on a schedule for feeding, potty times, walks and play. Remain in control of toys and play time so that your Border Collie understands that you control all good things. This is important, because if your puppy doesn’t have this structure early in life, he or she will grow up thinking that they can do as they wish. No matter how wonderful and easygoing your little BC seems now, most likely that will change with age.
Gradually begin socializing your puppy from the time you bring him or her home. Proper early socialization that continues throughout your puppy’s lifetime will provide you with a well-adjusted dog that is able to handle almost any situation in a calm manner. Early, thorough, and continual socialization is important for your Border Collie. You do not want your dog being territorial and wary of strangers, so it is important to expose them early to a variety of situations, animals, people, and places.
Socialization benefits you and your dog by providing you both with a peace of mind. With good socialization, you can expose your Border Collie to different situations with the assurance that he or she will look to you for guidance in rules of etiquette for the indoor and outdoor world. Socialization is the foundation for all well-adjusted dogs throughout their lifetimes.
Training should always be an enjoyable bonding time between you and your dog. Remember that all dogs are different, and that there is no set time limit for when your dog should learn, understand, and properly obey commands. Always have fun during training, remembering to keep your training sessions short, and stop if either of you are tired or distracted. I always suggest beginning training new tricks or commands in an area of least distraction. I promote starting with rewards based clicker training and ending with vocal and or physical cues for your dog to follow.
If you notice any negative behavioral issues, and are not quite sure if you are offering your dog the proper socialization and training necessary, do not hesitate to enter your puppy into a puppy kindergarten class to assist you with training and socialization. The time to enroll your puppy is usually around eight to ten weeks of age, and after their first round of shots, although some kindergarten classes will not accept puppies until they are three to four months of age.
Reward good behaviors, but do not reward for being cute, sweet, loveable, or huggable. If you wish to reward your dog, always reward after you issue a command and your dog obeys the command. During your training sessions, be sure to mix it up, add a variety of toys and treats, and do not forget to have fun. Remember to provide them with ample daily exercise to keep them fit, healthy, and to keep behavioral problems at away. Provide consistent structure, firm authority, rule enforcement, love and affection, and you will have one heck of a dog for you and your family.
Knowing what you want to train your BC to do is as important as training your dog. You can begin training almost immediately, at around six weeks of age. A puppy is a blank slate and does not know any rules, therefore it is a wise idea to make a list and have an understanding of how you would like your puppy to behave.
What are the household rules and proper dog etiquette? As he grows, the same principle applies and you may adjust training from the basics to more specialized behaviors, such as making your dog a good travel, hiking, agility, hunting, or simply a companion dog. Know what conditions and circumstances you plan to expose your dog or puppy to outside of the household and strategize to be prepared for those encounters by slowly introducing your dog to those situations.
– Timing is crucial when rewarding for good behaviors and making corrections for bad.
– Patience and Consistency are your allies in the training game.
An easy way to avoid the onset of many different behavioral problems is to give your dog’s ample daily exercise to keep them fit healthy and keep destructive behavioral problems at bay. Always provide consistent structure, firm but fair authority, rule enforcement, and importantly, love and affection. By maintaining these things, you will help to create a loyal companion and friend. Reward good behaviors but not simply for being cute, sweet, loveable, and huggable. If you wish to reward your dog, always reward after you issue a command and your dog obeys appropriately.
– Only train one command per session. Puppies and many breeds only have the attention span to go about 5 – 10 minutes per session, but never exceed 15 minutes. Training a command once per day is enough for your dog to begin to learn and retain. It is easy to perform at least 3-5 training sessions in a day, but whenever the opportunity presents itself you should reinforce the training sessions throughout the day.
For example, when opening a door or putting down a food bowl, first command sit, down or stay and be sure not to reward your dog unless your dog obeys. The most important thing to remember is to remain relaxed, keep it fun, and enjoy this time of bonding and training your puppy.
Five to ten minutes per session is a good time limit for young puppies. Some breeds remain puppies longer than others remain and may not fully develop until year two, however as they mature many dogs will begin to remain focused for longer periods. Use a variety and an abundance of different treats and rewards. Rewards are play, toys, praise, affection, treats, and anything that you know that your dog enjoys.
– All dogs have their own personalities and therefore respond to training differently. You need to account for individual personality and adjust accordingly. If needed, do not hesitate to solicit professional help and advice.
– We all love treats, and so does your dog. Giving your dog a treat is the best way to reinforce good behavior, to help change his behavior or just to make your dog do that insanely funny dance- like-thing he does. Make the treats small enough for him to get a taste, but not a meal, kernel sized. Remember, you do not want him filling up on treats as it might spoil his dinner and interfere with his attention span, and large treats take time to chew and swallow, thus interrupting the session.
– Keep a container of treats handy with you at all times. You do not want to miss a chance to reward a good behavior or reinforce a changed behavior. Always carry treats when you go on a walk.
Remember what treats your dog likes most and save those for special times, like the big break-through. In addition, what you consider a treat and what your dog considers a treat are two vastly different worlds. A single malt scotch or chicken wings might be a treat in your mind, but dried liver bits or beef jerky in your dogs.
– Ask for something before you give the treat. Tell your dog to sit, stay, or lie down, print two copies of your resume, anything, before you reward your dog with treats, petting, or play. By asking for good behavior, before you give your dog a reward, you demonstrate you are in charge, in an easy fun manner.
There is a common misconception that dogs are selfless and wanting to behave only to please out of respect for you. This is horse pucky. This line of thinking is incorrect and detrimental to your success with the training. You have to make sure that your dog knows exactly why he should be listening to you, and exactly what action you want from him. You are the alpha, the keeper of the treats, the provider of the scratching and the purveyor of toys. Keep this balance of power and the results will be your reward.
– Be positive. Think about what you want your dog to do, instead of what you don’t want him to do. Do not send mixed messages. Simply, ignore the bad behaviors and reward your dog when he does the action you request. Begin with the basics each your dog some simple commands to communicate what you want, such as, Sit, Come, and Stay, Drop it, and Leave it.
– Regular vigorous exercise! It is understood that your dog will be much happier if you run your dog every day. Run your dog until his tongue is hanging out. If he is still full of energy, run him again and he will love you for this and sleep better at night. There will be times that before a training session begins you will need to use a little exercise to release some of your dog’s energy; this can increase his ability to focus during the session. Toy and many small dogs do not require excessive exercise but still require daily walks and play sessions.
– It is very important that you make sure your dog is comfortable in all sorts of situations. All dogs, even your sweet tempered Pup, have the potential to bite. Making sure, he is comfortable in various situations and teaching your dog to be gentle with his mouth will reduce the risk of unwanted bites. Mouthing should not be acceptable behavior because it leads to potentially harmful actions.
– Kids are great, are they not? However, the notion that kids and dogs are as natural a pairing as chocolate and peanut butter is simply not true. Kids are often bitten by dogs because they unintentionally do things that frighten dogs. Sometimes a child’s behavior appears like prey to a dog.
Never leave a dog and a child together unsupervised, even if the dog is good with children. Teach children not to approach dogs that are unfamiliar to them. The way a child behaves with the familiar family dog may not be appropriate with another dog that they meet for the first time. Instruct children that tail pulling, hugging their necks tightly, leg pulling, and hard head pats are unacceptable.
There exists many different ways to train puppies. Using clicker and rewards based training is an effective and humane way to train dogs and treat them with kindness.
Lying ahead of you will be the task of navigating your dog’s unique personality, which will affect your training and relationship. Although, you have no doubt read and watched much about training, spoken with friends and breeders, your dog’s personality is why it is imperative to keep an open mind and use your intuition to guide you while training, be flexible.
Your consent as the owner is the one thing that will allow your dog to become disobedient, out of control, and possibly a danger to your family and the outside world.
Arming yourself with knowledge about dog behaviors, and understanding your own dog’s personality will greatly assist you throughout the process of training and companionship alongside your dog. It is your responsibility to guide and train your dog to be a socially adjusted obedient dog so that the two of you have a fruitful relationship. Well-behaved dogs are welcomed anywhere and your goal should be to train your dog to be well behaved and obedient.